Teeth’s is the hardest substances in the human body except for other elements in the body. Teeth are necessary essential for chewing. It is also vital for speech.
The function of teeth in the body
The purpose of teeth is to break down the food in the form of cutting and crushing them to prepare for swallowing and digesting of food. Humans have four types of teeth: incisors, canines, premolars, and molars, which each have a specific function.
Types of teeth
Humans have four types of teeth, including.
- Incisors teeth
- Canines teeth
- Premolar teeth
- molar teeth
Incisors are the sharp or biting surface of teeth
The function of incisor teeth
It is mostly useful for cutting the food into small pieces. This purpose is to crush food to eat or digest more quickly.
Canine’s teeth are the flat and smooth cutting surface of teeth.
The function of canines teeth
This function is to tear and crush the sufficient size of food.
Premolars are also bicuspids. These are the permanent teeth which are between molars in the back of your mouth and canine teeth.
The function of premolar teeth
Feature of a premolar is to tear up as well as crushing food material. It also can pierce and rip the food.
Molars teeth are round in shape structure. Molar teeth are large flat teeth located at the back side of the mouth region.
The Function of the molar teeth
The function of molar teeth is to grind the food material so than that amount of food material will easy to swallow.
Molars and premolars can also work together?
Clarification between molars and premolars can at written below;
How Premolars and Molars Work Together
Molars are the most massive teeth located in the mouth. This size is necessary to grind the food into smaller pieces.
That’s why the food will easily swallow. Molars are designed explicitly for intending or sustaining, which results in an attractive force that generates from the chewing, clenching, and grinding the food.
Premolars are placed directly in front of molars. It uses to passing food backward to be chewed. It working is similar to the food chain.
Some common problems related to the teeth
These are some types that are causing teeth problems;
Cavities Teeth are that which decay or effects on both the outer coating and also inner layer.
A cavity is a hole in teeth that can grow to more prominent as well as deep over time. Cavities are also called dental caries.
Diagnosis of cavity
Physician frequently Asking you about teeth, pain, and sensitivity. By Examine the mouth and teeth of the patient.
Checking the teeth of the patient with the help of dental instruments for detecting the soft areas. Or by keeping focusing at dental x rays which tell us the extent of cavities
Treatments for cavities
There are five effective methods for holes
- Root canals
Chipped teeth may consider as the nerves inside teeth that you will notice. This increase in teeth sensitivity or pain whenever you are chewing.
Diagnosis of chipped teeth
The dentist diagnosis the chipped teeth with the help of transparent inspection of the mouth. It also takes part in accounting the symptoms that relate to the disease and telling you some events that may cause the chipping in teeth.
Treatment of chipped teeth
There are four methods for treating the chip teeth.
- dental Onlays
Teeth grinding and clenching of jaws are also call as bruxism. It is often related to stress, anxiety, or depression.
Diagnosis of grinding teeth
Tenderness in the jaws muscles. Apparently including dental abnormalities, broken or missing of teeth. Or damaging your other teeth.
Seems the bone and the inner side of face cheeks that usually by the help of X-rays.
Treatment of grinding teeth
- mouth guard
- mouth splint
- sleeping hygiene
- cognitive behavior therapy
It is the most common form of gum disease which causes the irritation, redness, and swallowing of the gingiva.
If your infecting part of the gum around the base of the teeth. Lead much severe gum disease called periodontitis or teeth loss.
Diagnosis of Gingivitis teeth
During the checkup of the patient when dental exams, your gums with the help of probing with a small size scale.
Probing is the typical way of checking inflammation side. It also tells us about the measurement of any nearby pockets place to your teeth — an average depth approximately near about 1 to 3 millimeters.
Treatment of gingivitis teeth
- Professional dental cleaning
- Dental restoration
- ongoing caring
Periodontitis is inflammation of gums .it damages the soft tissue and affects the bone, which supports the teeth. It is a severe infection that can even lead to teeth loss —caused by certain bacteria known as periodontal bacteria.
Diagnosis of periodontitis teeth
Review of medical history to identify the cause of symptoms, such as smoking or taking certain drugs that cause dry mouth. Examine the mouth for plaque and tartar buildup and look for easy bleeding.
Measure the pocket depth of the groove between gums and teeth by placing a dental probe beside tooth beneath the gumline, usually at several sites throughout the mouth. In a healthy individual, the depth is generally between 1 and 3 millimeters (mm). Pockets deeper than 4 mm may indicate periodontitis. Take dental X-rays to check for bone loss in areas of deeper pocket depths.
Treatment of periodontitis teeth
A periodontist or dentist can perform the surgery. The goal of treatment is to clean the pockets around teeth thoroughly and to prevent damage to the surrounding bone. Nonsurgical and surgical procedures are as follows
- Root planning
- Flap surgery
- Soft tissue grafts
- Bone Graft
- Guided tissue regeneration
- Tissue stimulating proteins
A white coating like milk seems on baby’s tongue Thrush teeth are also known as oral candidiasis or oropharyngeal candidiasis. It occurs when yeast infects inside of the mouth. It occurs mostly in infants and toddlers. In this condition, white or yellowish bumps to form on the inner cheeks and tongue which usually go away with treatment.
Diagnosis of thrush teeth
Examination of mouth for the characteristic bumps and biopsy of the affected area to confirm the diagnosis.
A throat swab culture or endoscopy confirm oral thrush in the esophagus.
Treatment of thrush teeth
- Oral health care routine
- Change your brush more often.
- Antifungal medication
Dark teeth are the sign of underline the decaying or cavities that can address as early as possible. Black teeth may also result in affecting the stains. Different other foods or drinking can be left behind a little bit of black color pigment as a result of causing the teeth to turn into black.
Diagnosis of dark teeth
Even it occurs not generally for teeth to rapid changing from white color to became blackish. Typically it is noticed that some indications before starting the teeth to become blackish. In some conditions, the spot appears in brown or gray color. After a while, the brown spots are turning into black.
Treatment of dark teeth
- best home caring
- proper attention of a dental professional
- finding causes of your black teeth
- through ultrasonic instruments
Canker sore is also called aphthous ulcers. They are the small, shallow lesions which create on the surface of soft tissues in the mouth or at the floor of your gums. It is a critical situation that causing pain and makes eating and conversation difficult.
Diagnosis of canker sores
Usually, the physician can diagnose the canker sore by examining the infection area. It may know by proceeding the blood tests or also performing a biopsy.
Treatments of canker sores
- Using salt water
- By baking soda
- Using a small amount of milk of magnesia
- Avoid from acidic or spicy foods